What Is The Key Difference Between Categorical Grants And Block Grants Group Of Answer Choices?

What is the difference between a categorical grant and a block grant quizlet?

A categorical grant is when money is given by Congress for a specific purpose.

A block grant is money given to a state for a broad category like secondary education or health services..

Why does the federal government prefer the use of categorical grants rather than block grants?

Governors prefer block grants because states have more flexibility in how money is spent. The Temporary Assistance to Needy Families Act, 1996, provided a welfare block grant to each state. … Congress prefers Categorical Grants because expenditures can be targeted according to congressional priorities.

What is a project grant?

A project grant is money given by the federal government to state and local governments or to an individual. … Project grants are a type of categorical grant. Projects are grants given by the federal government to state and local governments on the basis of merit.

What is a categorical grant quizlet?

Categorical Grants. federal grants that can be used only for specific purposes, or “categories,” of state and local spending. They come with strings attached, such as nondiscrimination provisions.

How do categorical grants affect policy making?

Categorical grants are given to states to be used for a specific purpose defined by federal law, such as building a college dormitory. This affects policy-making within states because it restricts the states’ ability to make new policy. … Mandates are laws enacted by the national government that the states must follow.

How do categorical grants increase federal power?

categorical grants are grants that have a specific purpose. this type of grant has been increasing the power of the federal gov relative to the states because the categorical grants come with “strings attached” and states must spend the money in accord with the national government’s wishes.

What is the key difference between categorical grants and block grants?

What is the key difference between categorical grants and block grants? Categorical grants provide very detailed instructions, regulations, and compliance requirements for the states, while block grants provide states with more leverage and power over how to spend the grant money.

What does a categorical grant mean?

A categorical grant is money granted by the federal government to state and local governments, with strict limitations on how it is to be spent. … Categorical grants are distributed in two ways. With formula grants, money is distributed based on a formula, such as the level of poverty for each individual state.

What are the two types of categorical grants?

There are two types of categorical grants:Project grants: Money states apply for by submitting specific project proposals.Formula grants: Money given to states according to a mathematical formula.

Why are categorical grants important?

Categorical grants are intended to help states improve the overall well-being of their residents, but also empower the federal government to exert more power over the states within a specific policy area.

What is an example of a block grant?

Perhaps the most well-known block grant (and the one Paul Ryan wants to use as a model for other programs) is TANF. The law converted a cash assistance program known as Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) into a block grant now known as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF).

Do states prefer categorical grants to block grants?

Categorical grants are the main source of federal aid used for one specific purpose with strings attached. … States prefer block grants because there are less strings attached and the money can be used for a broader purpose.