What Are The Long Term Effects Of Antidepressants?

Do Antidepressants change your brain permanently?

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) such as Prozac are regularly used to treat severe anxiety and depression.

They work by immediately increasing the amount of serotonin in the brain and by causing long term changes in brain function..

Do antidepressants make you less smart?

A single dose of SSRI antidepressants such as Fluoxetine, shown here, can change the brain’s functional connectivity within three hours, a new study found.

What do antidepressants do to your brain?

SSRIs treat depression by increasing levels of serotonin in the brain. Serotonin is one of the chemical messengers (neurotransmitters) that carry signals between brain nerve cells (neurons). SSRIs block the reabsorption (reuptake) of serotonin into neurons.

How long should you stay on antidepressants?

Clinicians generally recommend staying on the medication for six to nine months before considering going off antidepressants. If you’ve had three or more recurrences of depression, make that at least two years.

Is it bad to be on antidepressants for a long time?

Long-term antidepressant users are risking permanent damage to their bodies, according to leading medical experts. Dr Tony Kendrick, a professor of primary care at the University of Southampton, says more urgent action needs to be taken to encourage and support long-term users to come off the medication.

What are the negative effects of antidepressants?

Antidepressants can sometimes cause a wide range of unpleasant side effects, including:nausea.increased appetite and weight gain.loss of sexual desire and other sexual problems, such as erectile dysfunction and decreased orgasm.fatigue and drowsiness.insomnia.dry mouth.blurred vision.constipation.More items…•

Do Antidepressants change your personality?

When taken correctly, antidepressants will not change your personality. Rarely, people feel apathy or loss of emotions while on certain antidepressants. When this happens, lowering the dose or switching to a different antidepressant may help.

Do antidepressants affect memory?

Tranquilizers, antidepressants, some blood pressure drugs, and other medications can affect memory, usually by causing sedation or confusion. That can make it difficult to pay close attention to new things. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if you suspect that a new medication is taking the edge off your memory.

Will antidepressants make me happy?

Antidepressants help relieve the symptoms of depression and associated anxiety. They do not make you euphoric, but simply help you react more realistically in your emotional responses. You may notice, for example, that you take in your stride little things that used to worry you or get you down.

Can you ever get off antidepressants?

Some people with depression stay on their medication indefinitely. Others are able to stop taking it after a period of weeks or months. The best way to stop taking your antidepressant is to slowly taper the medication under a doctor’s supervision.

Do antidepressants cause more harm than good?

Taking antidepressants could increase the risk of an early death, a major study suggests. Experts found depressed people without heart disease were 33 per cent more likely to die over any set period, for any reason, if they took antidepressants compared to those who did not.

What is the safest antidepressant?

These medications generally cause fewer bothersome side effects and are less likely to cause problems at higher therapeutic doses than other types of antidepressants are. SSRIs include fluoxetine (Prozac), paroxetine (Paxil, Pexeva), sertraline (Zoloft), citalopram (Celexa) and escitalopram (Lexapro).

Will I lose weight if I stop antidepressants?

So if weight gain is caused by the medication, then weight loss should follow its discontinuation. And it does, for many people: Once the medication is out of the body, normal appetite returns, fatigue diminishes, and the patient returns to eating and exercising normally.

How do I wean myself off antidepressants?

Discontinuing an antidepressant usually involves reducing your dose in increments, allowing two to six weeks or longer between dose reductions. Your clinician can instruct you in tapering your dose and prescribe the appropriate dosage pills.

What is the hardest antidepressant to come off of?

Hardest-to-Stop Antidepressantscitalopram) (Celexa)escitalopram (Lexapro)paroxetine (Paxil)sertraline (Zoloft)

Do I have to be on antidepressants for the rest of my life?

Although it may be tempting to stop medication as your mood lifts, continue taking it for as long as your doctor recommends. Most doctors advise patients to take antidepressants for six months to a year after they no longer feel depressed. Stopping before that time can cause depression to return.

Can antidepressants damage your brain?

Research on animals has found that antidepressants can shrink the connections between brain cells and that these don’t grow back after the drugs are stopped. There might just be a case for accepting the risks of these potentially dangerous side-effects if SSRIs were really effective in relieving.

How long does it take for side effects of antidepressants to go away?

3) Antidepressants have horrible side effects It’s worth discussing with your doctor if you have concerns. Antidepressant side effects often go away after a few weeks, but your doctor may adjust your dosing or recommend a different treatment regimen if needed.

Can anti depression pills cause depression?

Paradoxically, two medicines that are sometimes prescribed for severe depression can produce depression: aripiprazole (Abilify) and quetiapine (Seroquel).